FRE 1101: Applicability of the Rules

(a) To Courts and Judges. These rules apply to proceedings before:

· United States district courts;

· United States bankruptcy and magistrate judges;

· United States courts of appeals;

· the United States Court of Federal Claims; and

· the district courts of Guam, the Virgin Islands, and the Northern Mariana Islands.

(b) To Cases and Proceedings. These rules apply in:

· civil cases and proceedings, including bankruptcy, admiralty, and maritime cases;

· criminal cases and proceedings; and

· contempt proceedings, except those in which the court may act summarily.

(c) Rules on Privilege. The rules on privilege apply to all stages of a case or proceeding.

(d) Exceptions. These rules — except for those on privilege — do not apply to the following:

(1) the court’s determination, under Rule 104(a), on a preliminary question of fact governing admissibility;

(2) grand-jury proceedings; and

(3) miscellaneous proceedings such as:

· extradition or rendition;

· issuing an arrest warrant, criminal summons, or search warrant;

· a preliminary examination in a criminal case;

· sentencing;

· granting or revoking probation or supervised release; and

· considering whether to release on bail or otherwise.

(e) Other Statutes and Rules. A federal statute or a rule prescribed by the Supreme Court may provide for admitting or excluding evidence independently from these rules.