(a) To Courts and Judges. These rules apply to proceedings before:
· United States district courts;
· United States bankruptcy and magistrate judges;
· United States courts of appeals;
· the United States Court of Federal Claims; and
· the district courts of Guam, the Virgin Islands, and the Northern Mariana Islands.
(b) To Cases and Proceedings. These rules apply in:
· civil cases and proceedings, including bankruptcy, admiralty, and maritime cases;
· criminal cases and proceedings; and
· contempt proceedings, except those in which the court may act summarily.
(c) Rules on Privilege. The rules on privilege apply to all stages of a case or proceeding.
(d) Exceptions. These rules — except for those on privilege — do not apply to the following:
(1) the court’s determination, under Rule 104(a), on a preliminary question of fact governing admissibility;
(2) grand-jury proceedings; and
(3) miscellaneous proceedings such as:
· extradition or rendition;
· issuing an arrest warrant, criminal summons, or search warrant;
· a preliminary examination in a criminal case;
· granting or revoking probation or supervised release; and
· considering whether to release on bail or otherwise.
(e) Other Statutes and Rules. A federal statute or a rule prescribed by the Supreme Court may provide for admitting or excluding evidence independently from these rules.